“But if the watchman see the sword come, and blow not the trumpet, and the people be not warned;

if the sword come, and take any person from among them, he is taken away in his iniquity;

but his blood will I require at the watchman's hand."

Ezekiel 33:6


"A righteous man falling down before the wicked is as a troubled fountain, and a corrupt spring."

Proverbs 25:26

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

A Constitutional Report Card on the 10/11/2011 Bloomberg/Washington Post Republican Presidential Debate

Last Tuesday, Republican candidates squared-off in Hanover, New Hampshire for the Bloomberg-Washington Post Debate, one of a series of primary debates for Republicans seeking their party’s nomination for President of the United States.
Today I am pleased to offer you another of our series of Candidate Report Cards on these debates, the goal of which is to help you better understand the issues on the table and the positions represented by the respective candidates. In this report card, we have graded each of the candidates based on the fidelity of his or her answers to the United States Constitution.
The task of grading the candidates is difficult because they were not asked an even number of questions, nor were their questions all the same. That being said, each candidate was graded as to the specific questions asked to each of the candidates, and based on the objective standard of the Constitution.
Nothing in this report card should be construed as advocacy for an individual candidate. The heart of this project is to help the Body of Christ think wisely about the issues and candidates. We believe that two of the most important questions will probably never be formally asked in the presidential debates. They are questions that American Christians must have answered before they can begin to hope to make a decision on how to employ their vote for the glory of God.
The first is this: Will the candidate faithfully uphold his oath to the United States Constitution? The answer to that question informs the second and more important question, which is this: Is the candidate biblically qualified to serve as President of the United States?
These questions are both vital. If a candidate is not willing or able to uphold the terms of his oath of office, or if he does not meet the minimal threshold biblical qualifications of a civil magistrate (the chief executive of a nation in this case), then you may not support him with a clear conscience before the Lord. In this report card, we address question one: How to do the candidates’ answers square with the Constitution?
A downloadable PDF version is available here   (full report is also below).
The Bible reminds us that “my people are destroyed for lack of knowledge” (Hosea 4:6). When it comes to our God-blessed civic duty to cast our votes “in the fear of the Lord,” we must have knowledge. To do so we need to understand the standard. We also need the facts. Please remember to pray for us as we try to be faithful in bringing both to Christian families in our nation.
BACKGROUND: On October 11, 2011, eight leading Republican candidates took the stage in Hanover, New Hampshire for the Bloomberg/Washington Post Republican Primary Debate. The purpose of this document is to provide a report card that will help Christian families evaluate the statements made by the candidates during that debate from a constitutional perspective. This report card is limited in its scope in that it only addresses issues specifically on the table during the October 11 debate. The scores are based on the actual statements made by the candidates during that debate. Candidates’ comments are taken at face value and evaluated without regard to their past statements or policy records, unless the candidates or those posing the questions specifically addressed the past statements and previous policy record of the candidate. Nothing in this report card should be construed as advocacy for a specific presidential candidate.
The debate was hosted by Bloomberg and the Washington Post. The purpose of the debate was to focus primarily on the economy. Candidates were asked questions regarding jobs, the national deficit, taxation, and economic growth. This report card is intended to score each of the eight candidates, on the basis of their own answers, on whether or not their proposals, as stated, are in keeping with their duty to uphold and defend the United States Constitution, if they were elected as President of the United States.
*Each candidate is scored on the basis of his or her answers in this debate alone. To score an (A) the candidate only need to provide an answer that will not in some way violate the United States Constitution.
I.Business Growth and Jobs
The Constitution of the United States grants Congress a limited number of powers, under Article 1, Section 8 that residually effect industry and the national economy. First, Congress has the power over the federal purse through the taxing and spending clause. Second, Congress is granted the power to regulate interstate commerce between the states. Under the presidency of Franklin D. Roosevelt, the commerce power was unconstitutionally expanded to include intrastate commerce also, along with virtually any activity commercial or non-commercial that could be shown to remotely affect commerce. This unconstitutional expansion of power has been used by Congress to regulate areas previously unreachable by the federal power under the Constitution. Third, Congress has the authority to exclusively regulate special areas of law such as maritime law, bankruptcy law, copyright law, and patent law. Finally, Congress has the sole authority to coin money and fix standards for weights and measures. A constitutional response to this question would require the candidates to affirm fidelity to the limitation of the federal government and to commit to widespread deregulation and defunding of those programs, which are not clearly within the grant of power given by the United States Constitution to the federal government.
Question #6: Senator Santorum, when you were growing up in a steel town in Pennsylvania, 21 percent of the country was involved in manufacturing. Now it’s down to 9 percent. Can those jobs ever return? And what would you do to create jobs now?

Former Senator Rick Santorum:

Sen. Santorum suggested that in order to bring jobs back to the Untied States, the climate has to change to encourage businesses to manufacture in the United States. He proposed to accomplish this by eliminating the corporate tax for manufacturers and processors. He estimated that this would bring $1.2 trillion to the United States, which is currently overseas. Sen. Santorum suggested the repeal of every regulation passed by the Obama administration, because they are all antagonistic to businesses, particularly in the manufacturing sector. He suggested that America needed to strive for energy independence and that his plan had the potential to pass through Congress much more quickly than other plans offered by other candidates, alluding to Mr. Cain’s 9-9-9 plan.
Constitutional Grade: C
Remarks: Why does Sen. Santorum stop with only those restrictions enacted by President Obama? This problems surrounding the over-regulation and taxation of business is a problem shared by Republicans and Democratic presidents alike. One of the reasons businesses have moved oversees is because unconstitutional regulation and taxation of business is out of control. Eliminating the unconstitutional regulation and over taxation of businesses and commerce would invite businesses to manufacture in the United States and allow small business to grow. Not only does this allow businesses to expand and employ more people. It is disappointing that Mr. Santorum seems only willing to introduce legislation he believed will pass Congress, instead of introducing legislation that he believes right. This reflects a lack of boldness and a tendency toward compromise.
Questions #7: Governor Huntsman. From the Erie Canal to the Internet, innovation is what has always fueled economic recoveries. Shouldn’t the focus of Government be to on trying to create the innovative jobs of tomorrow? And what do you think those are?

Former Utah Governor John Huntsman:

Gov. Huntsman suggested that the United States needed to regain its industrial base. Maintaining a strong commitment to innovation, entrepreneurship and providing freedom in the marketplace through tax reform and deregulation will accomplish this goal.
Constitutional Grade: A
Remarks: A wise answer by Mr. Huntsman. Many believe that, in order to encourage innovation, civil government must play a larger role in bringing those innovations about. The opposite is true. If the government is committed to innovation, it must deregulate and allow those industries that stand to profit from those innovations to work hard to bring those innovations about.
Question #18: Sen. Huntsman asked Gov. Romney: Because of your past employment with Bain Capital, some might see you as more of a financial engineer, somebody who breaks down businesses, destroys jobs, as opposed to creating jobs and opportunity, leveraging up, spinning off, and enriching shareholders. In this regard, you were number 47 as governor of Massachusetts. The whole discussion around this campaign is going to be job creation. How can you win that debate, given your background?

Former Massachusetts Governor Mitt Romney:

Mr. Romney defended himself by saying that his background is quite different than the one Mr. Huntsman described. As an employee of Bain Capital, he said he did not take things apart and cut them off and sell them off. He started businesses like Staples, Sports Authority, Bright Horizons children’s centers, and a steel mill that operates today and employs a lot of people. The former governor pointed out that he had not spent his life in politics; he worked in the private sector and knew how to create jobs.
Constitutional Grade: C
Remarks: Mr. Romney’s answer is telling. He pointed to his experience in the private sector and showed how jobs are created by innovation and by growing businesses. The great consent with his answer seems to insinuate that it would be appropriate for the Federal Government to engage in the same conduct.
Question #20: Mr. Romney asked Mrs. Bachmann: We’re all concerned about getting Americans back to work. And you’ve laid out some pretty bold ideas with regards to taxation and cutting back the scale of the federal government. And there’s no question that’s a very important element of getting people back to work. If you could expand on that, beyond the tax policies you describe, what would you do you to help the American people get back to work?

U.S. Representative Michelle Bachmann:

Rep. Bachmann appealed to the fact that she is a mother to 28 children to say that understood how hard it was for young people to find jobs right out of college. She said that her plan was more complicated than mere tax reform, but also would relieve the regulatory burden on businesses; pointing out that government regulation cost businesses $1.8 trillion every year in compliance costs. She also mentioned that the reason employers were not hiring was due to the passage of Obamacare. She said that she was the first member of Congress to introduce that bill to repeal “Obamacare.” She also introduced a bill that would repeal Dodd-Frank.
Constitutional Grade: A
Question #27: Mr. Cain, you recently said, “Don’t blame Wall Street, don’t blame the big banks, if you don’t have a job and you are not rich, blame yourself.” Are you telling 14 million unemployed Americans that it is their fault that they don’t have a job?

Businessman and Columnist Herman Cain:

Mr. Cain answered that his statement was directed at the people who were protesting on Wall Street, not at the 14 million people who are out of work for no fault of their own. He asserted that the protesters had taken aim at the wrong target and should be protesting the current administration.
Constitutional Grade: A
Question #28: President Obama’s jobs bill has stalled in the Senate and may be broken into several separate pieces of legislation for Congress to vote on. If the payroll tax cut were not extended, that would mean a tax increase for all Americans. What would be the consequences of that?

Former Massachusetts Governor Mitt Romney:

Gov. Romney acquiesced that no one likes tax increases, but pointed out that the efforts of President Obama have not worked. He said the right course of action was to cut spending and make permanent changes to the spending bill. Romney criticized the President’s job plan for creating more uncertainty among employers. He pointed out that companies wanted to make an investment in a person over a long period of time so that any changes made must be permanent. He said that a payroll tax cut would be a temporary band-aid, and what is needed is a fundamental restructuring of America’s economic system.
Constitutional Grade: F
Remarks: Gov. Romney is correct when he says a reduction in taxation is not enough. However, in the plan he is referring to, Gov. Romney still supports unconstitutional social welfare programs, and a socialistic redistribution of wealth in perpetuity.
Question #24: Small businesses have difficulty obtaining credit. What specifically would you do to make bank lending more accessible to small businesses?

Former Massachusetts Governor Mitt Romney:

Gov. Romney said he believed that President Obama was well-meaning, but said he was over his head when it came to the economy. He criticized the financial regulatory bill authored by Congressmen Barney Frank and Chris Dodd for ushering in hundreds and thousands of pages of new regulations. Gov. Romney warned that small banks would not be able to deal with a regulatory burden the legislation created.
Constitutional Grade: F
Remarks: As mentioned earlier, the problems facing our economy cannot be blamed exclusively on the members of the Democratic Party. Romney’s own plan is a continuation of many of the same kind of unconstitutional social polices and initiatives.

U.S. Representative Michelle Bachmann:

Rep. Bachmann agreed with Gov. Romney and called the Dodd-Frank bill the jobs and housing destruction act. She communicated that she had spoken to small bankers who were going to lose millions and others who said they would eventually fail altogether. She pointed out that the collapse of small community banks will hits small business owners hard and destroys the jobs they would create. In addition she pointed out that the reason banks have begun to charge monthly fees for debit cards is in response to Dodd-Frank. She called attention to the fact that she had introduced legislations that would repeal Dodd-Frank. She called the bill dirty dealing and said, as President, she would end all payoffs to political donors by legislators.
Constitutional Grade: A

Businessman and Columnist Herman Cain:

Mr. Cain said that he too agreed with Romney and said he too would repeal Dodd-Frank and abolish capital gains tax.
Constitutional Grade: A

U.S. Representative Ron Paul:

Rep. Paul said that Dodd-Frank is an obvious disaster; It will cost an estimated trillion dollars. He pointed out that it’s a partisan fight, because Sarbanes-Oxley, which was introduced by the Republicans also cost a trillion dollars. Rep. Paul suggested that it too should be repealed. He admitted that if one were to look at what the Republican Party has done, one would see that they have caused a lot of problems also. Furthermore, he said to say that the problems has only surfaced during the past two years is misleading and has caused a general mistrust among voters.
Constitutional Grade: A
II.Taxation
The Constitution of the United States grants Congress the power “to lay and collect taxes, duties, imposts and excises, to pay the debts and provide for the common defense and general welfare of the United States; but all duties, imposts [a compulsory fee] and excises [a tax on the manufacturing, sale, or consumption of goods within a country] shall be uniform throughout the United States” (Article 1, Section 8). In Article 1, Section 9, the Constitution originally prohibited any “capitation, or other direct, tax [to] be laid, unless in proportion to the census or enumeration.” In other words, taxes were to be collected directly from the states apportioned according to the size of their population and not according to the size of their wealth. In this manner all states were to be taxed equally.
The Sixteenth Amendment to the Constitution changed this by providing, “The Congress shall have power to lay and collect taxes on incomes, from whatever source derived, without apportionment among the several States, and without regard to any census or enumeration.” The Sixteenth Amendment allowed for the federal government to levy an income tax directly without regard to the population of the state. Many constitutional scholars still point out that the current graduated tax system is unconstitutional since it appropriates an uneven and non-uniform tax burden throughout the United States, contrary to Article 1, Section 8.
Question #12: Ronald Reagan said “the single most important question facing us tonight is, do we reduce deficits and interest rates by raising revenue from those who are not now paying their fair share? Or do we accept bigger budget deficits, higher interest rates, and higher unemployment simply because we disagree on certain features of a legislative package which offers hope for millions of Americans at home, on the farm, and in the workplace” Do you agree with the former president?

Texas Governor Rick Perry:

Gov. Perry pointed out that these are different time, and that President Reagan never saw the reduction that he had hoped for. He also suggested the reason the American public is so distrusting of Washington is because they have not seen a reduction in spending, despite the economic downturn. The Texas Governor went on to suggest that a balanced budget amendment to the United States Constitution was needed to change the manner in which Congress spends money.
Constitutional Grade: B
Remarks: Gov. Perry is right in his assessment. He should also be commended for pointing out that President Reagan’s compromise did not serve the nation well. However, a balanced budget does not require an amendment to the constitution. The Constitutional already allows for a balanced budget.

Former Massachusetts Governor Mit Romney:

Gov. Romney was unfamiliar with the compromises President Reagan had made, but pointed out that during the presidency of John F. Kennedy the government at all levels, federal, state, and local, was consuming about 27 percent of the U.S. economy, while our current government consumes 37 percent and is on track to consume 40 percent. Gov. Romney suggested that the answer to the modern crisis was to cut spending and place caps on the percentage of the economy that the Government is allowed to consume. Like Gov. Perry, the former Massachusetts governor supports the passage of a constitutional amendment to balance the budget. In addition, he suggested that the next president should seek to grow the economy by bringing industry back to the United States. He criticized President Obama’s jobs bill. He stated that he was opposed to cutting defense and raising taxes.
Constitutional Grade: C
Remarks: Even when civil government consumed 27 percent of economy it was too much an was only made necessary by unconstitutional social welfare programs and other unconstitutional functions of government.

Former Speaker of the House Newt Gingrich:

Rep. Gingrich criticized the recent congressional bill, which raised the debt ceiling. He warned that all of the spending cuts that are built into the debt ceiling could be repealed at any moment.
Constitutional Grade: A

U.S. Representative Michelle Bachmann:

Rep. Bachmann drew attention to the fact that she had been against an increase to the debt ceiling. The current congressional administration is spending 40 percent more than the national revenue. She warned that future generations could be paying as much as 75 percent of there income in taxes.
Constitutional Grade: A
Remarks: Mrs. Bachmann brings up a very important point. One of the greatest evils of our current economy is its multigenerational unfaithfulness. Politicians speak multigenerationally of unconstitutional efforts like education and child welfare, but ignore the devastating effects our economic policies will have on future generations.
Question #13: Mr. Cain, you say that your 9-9-9 plan is revenue-neutral. And last year, the U.S. collected $2.2 trillion dollars in tax revenue, but Bloomberg Government has run the numbers, and your plan would have raised no more than $2 trillion. And even with that shortfall, you’d still be slapping a 9 percent sales tax on food and medicine.

Businessman and Columnist Herman Cain:

Mr. Cain said he disagreed with the analysis conducted by Bloomberg government. He explained that his plan begins with the assumptions that production drives the economy, risk-taking drives growth, and we need sound money, and that measurements must be dependable. When asked why he believes that Americans should pay more for their basic consumption, Mr. Cain explained that a cut in the payroll tax would save each household 6%. Each household would then have decide on how much they want to spend it on new goods and how much they want to spend it on untaxed used goods.
Constitutional Grade: C
Remarks: Mr. Cain’s 9-9-9 plan would constitute a triple, and in some cases a quadruple tax, on the most productive individuals. For example, when a small business owner purchased material to create a product, he would be taxed for consumption. When the same business owner labored to produce the product, he would be taxed on production. When the same business owner drew a salary, he would be taxed a third time on his income, and if he desired to purchase the goods he produced in the market place, he would be taxed a fourth time on consumption. Not only would this drive up the cost of production, and thereby the cost of the product, the consumer would also be taxed on the purchase of the good itself. The 9-9-9 plan would constitute an unequal taxation since, by design, it would require the most productive in society to pay more in taxes.

U.S. Representative Michelle Bachmann:

Rep. Bachmann criticized Mr. Cain’s 9-9-9 plan as being a tax plan and not a jobs plan. She warned again of the potential dangers of creating an additional revenue stream for Congress in a new national consumption tax, stating “The devil is in the details.”
Constitutional Grade: A
Question #17: Rep. Gingrich asked Gov. Romney: President Obama his taken a class warfare approach and has talked about taxing people who make over $250,000 a year. You have proposed a capital gains tax cut for people who make under $200,000, which is actually lower than the Obama model. What was the rationale for setting an even lower base marker than Obama had?

Former Massachusetts Governor Mitt Romney:

Gov. Romney defended his proposition by saying that middle income Americans deserve tax breaks since they have been harmed most by the Obama economy. 25 million people are out of work and median income families in America have declined by 10 percent during the Obama years. “I’m not worried about rich people.” Said Romney, “They are doing just fine. The very poor have a safety net, they’re taken care of. But the people in the middle... are the people who need a break, and that is why I focused my tax cut right there.”
Constitutional Grade: F
Remarks: Mr. Romney’s answer reflects a Marxist commitment to class warfare and wealth redistribution.
III.Healthcare
The Constitution of the United States does not grant authority to any branch of government to fix the price of health care. This question is predicated on the assumption that the government has plenary power to regulate any industry that it pleases to promote the greatest good for the greatest number of people. As mentioned before, Congress is granted the power to regulate interstate commerce between the states. However, the application of the commerce power to regulate private industry and fix prices and services is an unconstitutional expansion of congressional power.
Question #8: Speaker Gingrich, Medicare is going broke. Research that has been done right here at Dartmouth would suggest that much of this money is going to treatments and interventions that do nothing to prolong life or to improve it. In fact, some of it does the opposite. Do you consider this wasteful spending? And, if so, should the government do anything about it?

Former Speaker of the House Newt Gingrich:

Rep. Gingrich explained that, according to his sources, the most recent U.S. government intervention on prostate testing is basically going to kill people. Rep. Gingrich said he was opposed to Government Medicare boards establish to determine necessary medical treatment during a final two years of a persons life.
Constitutional Grade: A

U.S. Representative Michelle Bachmann:

Rep. Bachmann warned that America has big problems when it comes to Medicare, because nine years from now, the Medicare hospital Part B trust fund will be flat broke. Rep. Bachmann criticized President Obama for allowing Medicare to collapse, so that he can channel the medical care of seniors into Obamacare. She warned that under Obamacare, a board called IPAB (made up of 15 political appointees) will make all the major health care decisions for over 300 million Americans.
Constitutional Grade: F
Remarks: Medicare is an unconstitutional social welfare program. It is the precursor to Obamacare since it represented an abandonment of the United States Constitution and dramatically expanded the power of government to assume responsibility for the medical care of individuals. Medicare should not be saved.
Question #22: Explain the difference between your health care ideas and Governor Romney’s health care ideas, and how you see mandates and how he sees mandates and the Constitution.

Texas Governor Rick Perry:

Gov. Perry said that the issue of health care is probably one of the biggest issues facing Americans. Creating jobs is the most important thing that we do as a country so that they can have the opportunity to purchase health care. He said that this was why we needed to strive for energy independence and create more jobs in the energy sector. Mr. Perry also pointed to the tort reform that had become law in Texas as a measure that had made healthcare more accessible. Moreover, he pointed to the passage of the Healthy Texas Act, which expands private sector insurance and drove down the cost of insurance by 30 percent.
Gov. Perry then turned to Medicaid, saying that it was important to work on bringing more flexibility to Medicaid so that innovations can occur throughout the states. He suggested that the Federal government should block grant dollars back to the states to allow each state to develop their own plans for confronting healthcare challenges. When the moderator pointed out that, Texas has had 16 waivers for Medicaid and asked how he could assert a problem with the flexibility that the federal government has given Texas?
Gov. Perry responded that the problem was the lack of flexibility the states have in coming up with innovations without the permission of the federal government. He said what was needed was a president who understood the states as “50 laboratories of innovation” and opposed to the current one size fits all approach taken by the federal government.
Constitutional Grade: F
Remarks: Governor Perry takes a wrong view of sates rights. The idea that while the federal government is limited by the Constitution, but states have virtually unbridled power is a false and dangerous position. The constitution guarantees that the states will establish “a Republican form of government” which is a government that will secure the right to life, liberty, property. There is no authority under the 10th Amendment of the Constitution to create local government programs that deprive citizens of the right to life, liberty, or property. While the constitution promotes “State’s Rights”, those rights of the state are not absolute, nor may States deprive the people of rights that are inalienable.
Question #19: Gov. Perry asked Gov. Romney: Your chief economic adviser, Glenn Hubbard, said that Romneycare was Obamacare, and that Romneycare has raised the cost of insurance premiums for small-business by 14 percent over the national average in Massachusetts. How would you respond to his criticism of your signature legislative achievement?

Former Massachusetts Governor Mitt Romney:

Gov. Romney said that 8 percent of the population in Massachusetts was without insurance during his time in office, and that he was proud of the how he confronted that major problem in Massachusetts and was proud of what had been accomplished. He distinguished his plan from Obamacare by pointing out that he did not change the health care system for everyone, and he did not raise taxes. He criticized Obamacare for creating an additional trillion dollars in spending, requiring taxes to be raised, and cutting Medicare. Gov. Romney pledged that he would repeal Obamacare and “return to the states... the right to care for our poor in the way we thought best for our respective states.”
Constitutional Grade: F
Remarks: Gov. Romney continues to defend his establishment of socialized medicine. In this answer, the former governor seeks to soften the appearance of his socialized medicine plan by pointing out that only 8% of the population was affected. This poses two problems. The ethical and constitutional problems that exist with the establishment of socialized medicine are not relative to the number of people affected. Secondly, his answer ignores the fact that not only were 92% of the residents of Massachusetts required to pay for their own health insurance, they were required by the state to pay for health coverage of the remaining 8%.
IV.Federal Subsidies
The Constitution of the United States only authorizes the United States government to carry out a limited number of functions. If the Federal government exercises a power that is not specifically authorized in the United States Constitution, the exercise of government power is unauthorized and invalid. Article 1, Section 8, which provides, “Congress shall have power to lay and collect taxes, duties, imposts and excises, to pay the debts and provide for the common defense and general welfare of the United States.”
This is known as the taxing and spending clause. Money raised by Congress may only be allocated for a limited number of purposes and may only be used to finance a legitimate constitutional function of federal government. Article 1 Section 8 grants Congress the authority to “To promote the Progress of Science and useful Arts, by securing for limited Times to Authors and Inventors the exclusive Right to their respective Writings and Discoveries.” This provision grants Congress with the power to “promote the progress of science and useful arts,” limits the means of that promotion to granting exclusive rights of use such as patents, copyrights, and trademarks. There are no provisions that grant Congress with the authority to promote the advancement of the arts, sciences, or industry by the provision of monetary grants or subsidies.
Question #25: Taxpayers stand to lose half a billion dollars in the collapse of Solyndra, a solar energy firm that stood as a centerpiece of President Obama’s green jobs initiative. Do you think there were inadequate safeguards imposed, or do you think this is just the risk we run when the government gets involved in subsidizing new industries and technologies?

Texas Governor Rick Perry:

Gov. Perry began by saying that the federal government should not be involved in those types of investments, period. He said that it would be more appropriate for states that want to choose to make those investments. The moderator then pointed out that as Governor of Texas, Perry had made such investments with the Emerging Technology Fund, a fund that is neither accountable nor transparent. The fund gave $16 million to companies that are connected to your campaign contributors; many of those companies, like Solyndra, have gone bankrupt. Gov. Perry answered that the Texas legislature has full oversight of that committee and has approved it since 2003. He went on to defend the fund as having created 54,600 jobs and having created $14 billion-plus worth of investments in the state of Texas. Moreover, Gov. Perry pointed out that 75 percent of those who received Emerging Technology Fund dollars never made a contribution to his campaigns, period. He finished by saying that he was proud of the fund and pointed out that while 2.5 million jobs were lost nation wide, Texas had created a million jobs in that state alone.
Constitutional Grade: F
Remarks: While Gov. Perry is correct in saying that Federal Government should not be involved in the subsidization of technology, he is wrong that this is a permissible action for States. Perry’s answer reflects his commitment to pragmatism over constitutional principle.
Question #21: Sen. Santorum asked Mr. Cain: I opposed the single biggest government intrusion into the private sector, the TARP program. I opposed it because it violated the principles of our Constitution and opened up the door of government involvement in the private sector. Governor Huntsman, Governor Perry, Herman Cain, and Governor Romney, all supported TARP at the time of its passage, giving Washington the tools to constrict our freedom. Herman Cain is giving a tool in his 9-9-9 plan of giving Washington a huge new tax burden. Can we trust you, that with your lack of experience, that you won’t continually give Washington the ability to take freedom away from freedom-loving people?

Businessman and Columnist Herman Cain:

Mr. Cain asserted there are three deterrents that will keep Congress from abusing his 9-9-9 plan. First, he will ask the United States Congress to have a two-thirds majority vote before they can raise the tax above 9 percent. Secondly, the plan is visible, simple, and transparent, the American people are going to be the ones to hold Congress’s feet to the fire. Thirdly, since Mr. Cain asserted that since he would be president he would not sign anything that raises the tax burden above 9 percent.
Constitutional Grade: C
Remarks: Each of these safeguard’s are short-sighted. The President only has the authority to request the votes from Congress; it does not mean he will get them. Moreover, Mr. Cain would only have a veto power during the time he was in office. Significantly, Mr. Cain failed to answer why he supported the unconstitutional TARP initiative.
V.Public Policy
The Constitution of the United States only authorizes the Executive office of the United States government to carry out a limited number of functions. Among these important functions are serving as Commander in Chief of the military, serving foreign policy and treaty power with Congress, upholding and enforcing the Constitution of the United States, and the power to veto acts of Congress. However, the president has absolutely no lawmaking authority. If the President exercises a power that is not specifically authorized in the United States Constitution, the exercise of government power is unauthorized and invalid.
Question #2: Are you prepared to go to Washington and, as Ronald Reagan did, compromise on spending cuts and taxes in order to produce results?

Texas Governor Rick Perry:

Gov. Perry stated that as governor he has signed six balanced budgets and that he was able to work with both Republican and Democrat lawmakers. Mr. Perry then pointed out that he is currently introducing a plan that would create 1.2 million jobs in the energy sector. This would be achieved without Congress by making America energy independent.
Constitutional Grade: F
Remarks: This statement is simply false. While the President can impound funds legislated for an unconstitutional purpose and grant waivers from the enforcement of unconstitutional laws, he connect appropriate funds; that is the purview of Congress.

Former Massachusetts Governor Mitt Romney:

Gov. Romney answered that while a president must stand by his principles, he must find common ground between the members of each party. He gave an example that the government cannot continue spending was it has, nor require more taxes, because it hurts jobs and harms working families.
Constitutional Grade: A
Questions #4: Congresswoman Bachmann, three years after the financial meltdown, Main Street continues to suffer while Wall Street is thriving. Do you think it’s right that no Wall Street executives have gone to jail for the damage they did to the economy?

U.S. Representative Michelle Bachmann:

Rep. Bachmann pointed out that the economic meltdown could be traced back to the Federal Government, which demanded that banks and mortgage companies lower platinum level lending standards to new lows; pushing for subprime loans by enforcement of the Community Reinvestment Act. Rep. Bachmann emphasized to the need to repeal Dodd-Frank.
Constitutional Grade: B
Remarks: While it would be appropriate to jail some Wall Street executive who engaged in illegal activity, it would be an injustice to overlook individuals in government who were also guilty of illegal activity.
Question #5: Speaker Gingrich, you’ve said that the current protests on Wall Street are, in your words, “the natural product of Obama’s class warfare.” Does this mean that these people who are out there protesting on Wall Street, across the country, have no grievance?

Former Speaker of the House Newt Gingrich:

The former Speaker answered by saying that every American has a reason to be angry and worried. He pointed out that the protesters on Wall Street are composed of two kinds of people: those who are closely aligned with the Tea Party and those who protest as a hobby. Rep. Gingrich suggested that both Federal Reserve Chief Ben Bernanke and White House advisor Timothy Geitner should both be fired. Rep. Gengrich went further to suggest that Chris Dodd and Barney Frank should be jailed for creating and then profiting from the environment. He also called for more transparency at the Federal Reserve and that it was wrong for one man, Ben Bernanke to have that kind of “secret power.”
Constitutional Grade: C
Remarks: Rep. Gingrich’s answer is good except for the fact that Federal Reserve is an unconstitutional institution. The Fed does not need transparency; it must be abolished according to the Constitution.

U.S. Representative Ron Paul:

Rep. Paul suggested that Congress had made some inroads by passing a partial audit of the Federal Reserve. He pointed out that the audit showed that out of $15 trillion, $5 trillion went to bail out foreign banks. The congressman suggested that to fix the recession the President must deal with the Federal Reserve, which is the cause of the recession. He explained that when bubbles in the market are artificial, they eventually burst and the market must make corrections.
Constitutional Grade: A

Businessman and Columnist Herman Cain:

Mr. Cain defended his plan by pointing out the difference between a non- politician, and politicians. Politicians want to pass what they believe will pass Congress, but not what the nations needs.
Constitutional Grade: C
Remarks: Ron Paul remains the only candidate who supports the Constitution in calling for the Federal Reserve to be abolished.
VI.Foreign Policy
The Constitution of the United States grants both the President and Congress the joint authority to engage in foreign policy. However, the President is not authorized to enforce treaties without the ratification of Congress. Moreover, congress has exclusive authority to tax international trade. The power to declare war is reserved solely to Congress. While the president is Commander in Chief of the armed forces, he does not have the authority to declare war or to engage in international conflicts without a declaration of war issued by Congress. Congress may raise and support armies, but no appropriation for that purpose shall be for a term longer than two years. According to Article 1, Section 8, Congress also has the sole power “To provide for calling forth the Militia to execute the Laws of the Union, suppress Insurrections and repel Invasions; and to provide for organizing, arming, and disciplining the Militia....” A war or conflict occurring without an act from Congress is unconstitutional. The Constitution provides no authority to provide foreign nations social welfare. The principles outlined in the Constitution favor a non-interventionist approach to foreign affairs.
Question #10: Gov. Romney, it’s 2013, and the European debt crisis has worsened. Countries are defaulting. Europe’s largest banks are on the verge of bankruptcy. Contagion has spread to the U.S. And the global financial system is on the brink. What would you do differently than what President Bush, Henry Paulson, and Ben Bernanke did in 2008?

Former Massachusetts Governor Mitt Romney:

Gov. Romney was reluctant to answer the question as a hypothetical, but said that he had spent his life in the economy, in the private sector, starting businesses, helping turn around businesses, sometimes successfully and sometimes not. Moreover, he stated that he was not interested in bailing out individual institutions. Rather his main concern would be the preservation of America’s financial system, currency, and banks. When the moderator pointed out an inconsistency that Mr. Romney have praised bailouts under Bush in 2008, Romney responded that the bailout of President Bush and that Secretary Paulson, while not perfect, were necessary to avert the collapse of individual banking institutions, the currency, and banks. Gov. Romney criticized the Bush bailouts for funding General Motors and Chrysler, and stated that he would not allow Ben Bernanke to remain in office. When asked who he might appoint to replace Mr. Bernanke, Romney suggested that he would look for someone like Milton Friedman. Gov. Romney also named Harvard economist Greg Mankiw and Columbia economist Glenn Hutchins as men who had shaped his economic policy, and said he would also seek economic advice from businessmen in the private sector.
Constitutional Grade: F

Businessman and Columnist Herman Cain:

The moderator pointed out that in 2008 Mr. Cain had stated that the Wall Street bailout was a win-win for the taxpayer. Mr. Cain responded that he supported the concept of a bailout, but found the implementation to be at fault.
Constitutional Grade: F

Former Speaker of the House Newt Gingrich:

Rep. Gingrich warned there is a real possibility we could have a meltdown in the next year. He commented that Paulson, Bernanke, and Geithner didn’t foresee the economic crisis, because they were operating in a world that had suddenly changed so radically they didn’t understand it. He stated that he has been supportive of a congressional audit that would insist that every document from 2008, 2009 and 2010 at the Federal Reserve be released, because the people who were in that crisis were wrong and are still in charge, and the American People should be able to learn from the experience.
Constitutional Grade: F
Remarks: Rep. Gingrich still does not deal with the heart of the problem, which is the existence of the Fed, not the transparency of the Fed.
Question #14: Governor Huntsman, if China is indeed keeping its currency low, which means that everything they sell in this country is artificially cheap and everything that our companies tried to sell in China is artificially expensive. So what do you say to people who suggest that we are already in a trade war with China?

Former Utah Governor John Huntsman:

As a former ambassador to China, Gov. Huntsman responded that he did not subscribe to the Donald Trump School or the Mitt Romney School of international trade. He warned that if the United States began placing sanctions on China based on countervailing duties, China would do the same thing. This would lead to a trade war, which would disadvantage small businesses, exporters, and agricultural producers. Mr. Huntsman suggests that the answer is to use current trade laws effectively, “So I say for the first and the second largest economies in the world, we have no choice. We have to find common ground. We have to, of course, use our trade laws and use them very, very aggressively and seek to find common ground.”
Constitutional Grade: F
Remarks: Huntsman’s comment is predicated on the continuance of the unconstitutional monetary system and continuing an alliance with a nation that has artificially manipulated its currency, as the United States has done.

Former Massachusetts Governor Mitt Romney:

In response, Gov. Romney stated the Chinese are smiling all the way to the bank, taking American currency, jobs, and a lot of the future. Moreover, he suggested that China did not desire to have a trade war any more than the United States wanted a trade war. “When people have pursued unfair trade practices,” warned Romney, “you have to have a president that will take action.” He states that on day one as president he would issue an executive order identifying China as a currency manipulator and bring an action against them before the WTO.
Constitutional Grade: F
Remarks: The World Trade Organization is a tribunal with no authority to rule in matters of United States Foreign policy. The Constitution does not allow the President of the United States to bypass approval from Congress and instead appeal to a international trade organization for the vindication of his foreign policy efforts.

Texas Governor Rick Perry:

Gov. Perry stated that Americans needed to focus on domestic issues and not on foreign trade policy with China. Gov. Perry suggested that the key to getting American working again is energy independence. He pointed out that, in Texas, key manufacturing that had business in China is moving back into the state of Texas because an environment was created that was favorable to entrepreneurs.
Constitutional Grade: C

Former Senator Rick Santorum:

Sen. Santorum stated that he wanted to enter into a trade war with China to “beat China”, and make America the most attractive place in the world to do business. He criticized Mr. Cain’s 9-9-9 Plan for being unsupportable and giving Congress an additional revenue stream whereby to raise taxes. Moreover, Sen. Santorum stated that Obamacare must be repealed in order to create more jobs.
Constitutional Grade: F
Remarks: As is typical with Sen. Santorum’s approach to all foreign policy, he is an aggressive interventionist.

Former Massachusetts Governor Mitt Romney:

Sen. Romney defended his plan to fight Obamacare by issuing a waiver for all 50 states, but acknowledged that a full repeal would be necessary to defeat Obamacare completely. Romney suggested that the states should be given the authority to establish socialized medicine. He also called on other candidates to offer a plan to fix healthcare on the federal level.
Constitutional Grade: F
Remarks: Gov. Romney reflects the same flawed view of State’s rights as Governor Perry.
VII.Plans for Economic Recovery
The Constitution of the United States places the power over the federal budget for expenditures and debts solely on the Congress of the United States. The president has no legislative power and is bound to faithfully execute the laws passed by Congress. However, the President also has what is sometimes referred to as the power of persuasion found under Article 2, Section 3 of the United States Constitution. He may recommend that Congress consider certain measures that he judges to be necessary and expedient. In extraordinary circumstances, he may convene Congress for a special session.
Question #1: As you know, when Standard & Poor’s downgraded American credit, they noted not only the economic difficulties, but the political dysfunction. So we begin this evening with the question: What would you do specifically to end the paralysis in Washington?

Businessman and Columnist Herman Cain:

Mr. Cain said that he would seek to abolish the current tax code and replace it with his 9-9-9 plan. He said that he would also balance the budget as the first step to reducing the national debt. Mr. Cain is confident that if America was able to do these two things, we would reduce the national debt.
Constitutional Grade: C

Former Massachusetts Governor Mitt Romney:

The former Massachusetts Governor said that the answer to the paralysis in government is an issue of leadership. He criticized President Obama as being a candidate who had no leadership experience. Mr. Romney suggested that the next president needs to be a leader who can identify with both political parties, and that his record in Massachusetts proves that he is able to do that.
Constitutional Grade: F
Remarks: Mr. Romney’s record is replete with actions that would constitute enormous constitutional violations of the Federal Government’s authority.
Question #3: Governor Perry, what are some aspects of the economic plan you will introduce?

Texas Governor Rick Perry:

Gov. Perry said that a key aspect of his economic plan would deregulate the domestic energy sector. He stated that he would seek to repeal Obamacare, Dodd-Frank, and other measures that have crippled American Entrepreneurs.
Constitutional Grade: C
Remarks: Perry only recommended the deregulation of a limited number of areas of commerce.
*Question #16: Mr. Cain asked Gov. Romney: Can you name all 59 points in your 160-page plan, and does it satisfy that criteria of being simple, transparent, efficient, fair, and neutral? *

Former Massachusetts Governor Mitt Romney:

Gov. Romney defended his plan by saying that while simple answers are always helpful, they are oftentimes inadequate. He suggested that in order to get the economy moving again, the next president would have to do more than focus on tax reform and energy independence. He stated that in addition there must be deregulation, trade reform, labor reform, and investments in human capital.
Constitutional Grade: F
Remarks: Several aspects of Mr. Romney’s plan constitute major violations of the United States Constitution.
Question #29: Over the last 30 years, the income of the wealthiest 1 percent of Americans has grown by more than 300 percent, and yet we have more people living in poverty in this country than at any time in the last 50 years. Is this acceptable? And what would you do to close that gap?

Texas Governor Rick Perry:

Gov. Perry answered that the reason we have that many people living in poverty is due to the failed policies of President Obama. He criticized President Obama for not understanding how to create wealth and for over taxing and over regulating small businesses. “This president, I will suggest to you, is the biggest deterrent to getting this country back on track,” Perry remarked, “and we have to do everything we can to replace Barack Obama in 2012.”
Constitutional Grade: C
Remarks: This a very poor answer since President Obama has only been president for almost three years and the question spanned over the past 30 years. A better answer would call attention to the massive expansion of Government over the past 30 years.

Former Senator Rick Santorum:

Sen. Santorum said he agreed with Gov. Perry, but added that the biggest problem with poverty in America is because of the break down of the American family. He asserted that homes that had two income producers were better equipped than those who had only one. Mr. Santorum stated that the key to a sound economy are policies that would support families, encourage marriage, and that require fathers to take responsibility for their children.
Constitutional Grade: C
Remarks: The family that Santorum seems to promote is a segregated family, a divided family in which the husband and wife must work and in turn send their children to be raised by Government agents at State schools. After the debate, Santorum commented that he was the only candidate that stood up for the family during the debate—but did he? Time has proven that the greatest act of kindness the state can achieve for the family is to leave the family alone.
VIII.Spending
The Constitution of the United States places the power over the federal budget for expenditures and debts solely on the Congress of the United States. The President has no legislative power and is bound to faithfully execute the laws passed Congress. However, the president also has what is sometimes referred to as the power of persuasion found under Article 2, Section 3 of the United States Constitution. He may recommend that Congress consider certain measures that he judges to be necessary and expedient. In extraordinary circumstances, he may convene Congress for a special session.
Question #15: Rep. Bachmann asked Gov. Perry: Governor Perry, you campaigned and co-chaired Al Gore’s election campaign for President of the United States, you increased spending in Texas by over 50 percent, and you increased bond debt by over 137 percent. How can we trust you not to follow in President Obama’s footsteps, overspending and passing the debt on to the next generation?

Texas Governor Rick Perry:

Governor Perry defended himself by asserting that most people in the state of Texas grew up a Democrat. He pointed out that Ronald Reagan was also a Democrat once. With regard to the debt, he pointed out that Texas has the sixth lowest debt per capita when he became governor, and that it currently has the second lowest debt per capita in the United States.
Constitutional Grade: C
Remarks: Debt and spending is not the same thing. Spending cuts would be in order even if America was “debt free” and had a balanced budget, because a huge portion of spending is for things which are unconstitutional.
IX. Housing
The Constitution of the United States does not grant authority to any branch of government to fix the price of housing, to subsidize banks, or to regulate interest rates for mortgage loans. This question is predicated on the assumption that the government has plenary power to regulate any sector that it pleases to promote the greatest good for the greatest number of people. Congress is granted the power to regulate interstate commerce between the states. However, the application of the commerce power to regulate private industry and fix prices and services is an unconstitutional expansion of congressional power.
Questions #26: Is the American dream of owning a home no longer a realistic dream, and is it too easy in America?

Former Speaker of the House Newt Gingrich:

Rep. Gingrich accused men like Jimmy Carter and Barack Obama of holding to the system of thought that wishes we would decay and fall apart and that the future be bleak so that government could then it share the misery. Rep. Gingrich said he agreed with Governor Perry on his energy plan and his industrial manufacturing plan. Rep. Gingrich said he believed that America should strive toward a system of hard money with a very limited Federal Reserve. Moreover, Rep. Gingich said that Republicans in Congress should begin now to repeal Dodd-Frank and Sarbanes-Oxley. “You have got to be able to afford it to be able buy it,” said Gingrich, “and that is where things went wrong in the last decade.”
Constitutional Grade: C
Remarks: Gingrich’s answer calls for the continuance of the Federal Reserve.
*Questions #11: Would you get the federal government out of housing? *

U.S. Representative Ron Paul:

Congressman Paul said unequivocally that the federal government should stay out of housing. He criticized the fact that America has followed Keynesian economics for many decades. He pointed out that Austrian economists had been right about the bubble in the market, and they have been critical of the course that is currently underway to fix the problem.
Moreover, he pointed out that Fannie Mae, Freddie Mac, easy credit, and also Community Reinvestment Act were all causes of the housing crisis. Meanwhile, Wall Street got the bailouts while the middle class lost their jobs and houses. He suggested that the only way to a secure future was a free-market economy without a Federal Reserve.
Constitutional Grade: A
X.Federal Reserve
The Constitution of the United States grants Congress with the sole authority to coin money and fix standards for weights and measures in Article 1 Section 8. This duty has been completely abandoned by the United States Congress. Instead, that power has been unconstitutionally vested in a private banking institution, the Federal Reserve, a non-governmental private bank run by unelected officials. Moreover, Article 1 section 9 of the United States Constitution, prohibits any state from coining money, issuing bills of credit (paper money), or making anything but gold and silver coin a tender in payment of debts. Moreover, the Federal Reserve has been vested with powers of regulation that even the United States Congress does not have under the powers granted in the Constitution. (Oddly enough, the Fed is responsible for printing and giving weights and measures for an unsound paper currency that has no real value derivative to any real commodity. Yet several of the candidates openly place their trust in the Federal Reserve for maintaining “sound money” contrary to the Constitution.)
Question #23: If elected President, one of the most important appointments that you’re going to have to make your first year would be Fed chairman. Which Federal Reserve chairman over the last 40 years do you think has been most successful and might serve as a model for that appointment?

Businessman and Columnist Herman Cain:

Mr. Cain named Alan Greenspan as the most successful who would serve as a model for the appointment of a new Federal Reserve chairman. He elaborated on his answer by saying that the way Alan Greenspan had overseen the Fed and coordinated with the Federal Reserve banks worked well in the early 1990s. He said that he already had two possible candidates in mind for the post. He said that the first step would be to narrow the mission of the Federal Reserve, but that he did not believe in ending the Fed.
Constitutional Grade: F

U.S. Representative Ron Paul:

Rep. Paul responded to Mr. Cain’s answer by pointing out that Alan Greenspan had been a disaster. Both liberals and conservatives have said that he kept interest rates too low for too long. Instead, Greenspan lowered them further thinking that was going to solve our problem. Mr. Paul then said if he had to name one person it would be Paul Volcker because he at least knew how to end inflation. He qualified his answer by pointing out that he believed that the Federal Reserve should be abolished and thought America should return to the gold standard. He finished by saying, “We shouldn’t have somebody deciding what the interest rates should be and how much money supply we should have, I mean, nobody satisfies me.”
Constitutional Grade: A
Question #19: Mr. Paul asked Herman Cain: Since the Federal Reserve is the engine of inflation, creates the business cycle, produces are recessions and depressions, the Federal Reserve obviously is a very important issue. As a former director of the Federal Reserve at Kansas City, you have been rather critical of any of us who would want to audit the Fed. You have said that we were ignorant and that we didn’t know what they are doing. You said that there was no need for an audit anyway, because everybody knows everything about the Fed already. Now that we have gotten a partial audit, we have found out an awful lot on how special businesses, Wall Street, banks, and foreign governments get bailed out. Do you still stick by your position that this is frivolous when sixty-four percent of the American people want a full audit of the Fed on a regular basis?

Businessman and Columnist Herman Cain:

Mr. Cain defended his potion by saying that Rep. Paul had misquoted him, that he did not call anyone ignorant. He stated that when he served on the board of the Federal Reserve in the 1990s, the Federal Reserve was different, and that he didn’t agree with the current actions of Ben Bernanke or the Federal Reserve. Mr. Cain pointed out that in the 90s, there was not a $14 trillion nation debt. Moreover, he said that he was not opposed to an audit of the Federal Reserve, but that it was not his top priority. His top priority is tax reform and jobs growth.
Constitutional Grade: F
XI.Leadership and Economic Advisors
The Constitution of the United States only authorizes the Executive office of the United States government to carry out a limited number of functions. Among these important functions are serving as Commander in Chief of the military, serving foreign policy and treaty power with congress, upholding and enforcing the Constitution of the United States, and the power to veto acts of Congress. The President, however, has absolutely no lawmaking authority. If the President exercises a power that is not specifically authorized in the United States Constitution, the exercise of government power is unauthorized and invalid.
Question #9: Governor Huntsman, whose advice do you seek on economic issues? And what’s the profile of the kind of person you’d like to have advising you in your White House?

Former Utah Governor John Huntsman:

Gov. Huntsman responded that he would seek an advisor like his father, a great entrepreneur who started with nothing, and built a great business. He said he would seek advice form people with real world experience. Former governor Huntsman called attention to his record for implementing tax reform and regulation reform in the state of Utah. When asked if he supported a flat tax similar to the 9-9-9 that Herman Cain, Mr. Huntsman responded that he believed Mr. Cain’s 9-9-9 plan was not doable. Instead he suggested a tax reform that would remove what he called loopholes and the deductions for corporations and private individuals. This is right out of what the Simpson-Bowles Commission recommended, a bipartisan group of people that took a thoughtful approach to tax reform.
Constitutional Grade: F
Remarks: Gov. Huntsman’s approach reflects a Marxist commitment to class warfare and the redistribution of wealth. His approach would also constitute a tax increase, since he would eliminate deductions thereby taxing those things that are not currently taxed.

Businessman and Columnist Herman Cain:

Mr. Cain responded to Gov. Huntsman’s criticism of his 9-9-9 plan by insisting that it was a workable plan. He defended his plan as “well-studied” and “well-developed” and criticized any plan that would seek to pivot off the current tax code. When asked who he would turn to for political and economic advice, Mr. Cain responded that his advice would come from the American people. He also mentioned a number of other economists that helped him to develop the 9-9-9 plan, who would serve him as advisors.
Constitutional Grade: C
Question #30: What is it about you that you want to communicate to the American people, in both their despair and in their hope for the future that says something essentially about who you are?

U.S. Representative Michelle Bachmann:

Rep. Bachmann called attention to the fact that she grew up in a middle-class home, but said her family dropped below the poverty line when her parents divorced. Her mother worked very hard, and each member of the family worked their way through college. After she married, Mrs. Bachmann started a business with her husband. She communicated that she and her husband have broken hearts for at-risk kids and have taken 23 foster children into their home. She said that the best solutions are those that are closest to home and are not to be found in government programs.
Constitutional Grade: A

Businessman and Columnist Herman Cain:

Mr. Cain said that he had the ability to connect with people’s pain because I was “po’” before he was poor. He said that his dad worked three jobs. He called attention to his career and record and stated that good leaders understand where to place priorities. He commented that if you surround yourself with the right people it would allow you to put together the right plans.
Constitutional Grade: N/A

Former Speaker of the House Newt Gingrich:

Rep. Gingrich explained that he had grown up in a military family and had moved all over the country. In recent years, he said several members of his family had found themselves out of work. He said real leaders find solutions, and that every person at the table had the potential to be a better president than Barack Obama.
Constitutional Grade: N/A

U.S. Representative Ron Paul:

Rep. Paul stated that his motivation and goal has always been to promote liberty, believing that’s what made America great. “If we want prosperity, if we want peace, we understand what the cause of liberty is all about, and we have to understand that a free-market system and sound money gives us the prosperity.” He praised private humanitarian programs and decried the social welfare of socialism. “If you care about people, you believe in liberty; that’s what made America great.”
Constitutional Grade: A

Former Senator Rick Santorum:

Sen. Santorum said he had grown up in a steel town. When manufacturing left, a lot of the people in the middle income of America left. America needs to create jobs in the manufacturing sector of the economy. This would create income mobility, creating the opportunity for semi-skilled and lower skilled workers to advance in society.
Constitutional Grade: C

Former Utah Governor John Huntsman:

Gov. Huntsman pointed out that not only has he participated in the creation of a great family business, where jobs mean something, but he served as governor and achieved the lowest level of unemployment in the nation at 2.4 percent.
Constitutional Grade: C

Texas Governor Rick Perry:

Gov. Perry said he was the son of a tenant farmer, served in the military, and now serves as the governor of Texas. He said he had the experience that Americans wanted so that they could find work.
Constitutional Grade: N/A

Former Massachusetts Governor Mitt Romney:

Gov. Romney pointed to the crisis of our children’s future. Leadership is needed to strengthen values, the economy, and the military.
Constitutional Grade: C



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