“But if the watchman see the sword come, and blow not the trumpet, and the people be not warned;

if the sword come, and take any person from among them, he is taken away in his iniquity;

but his blood will I require at the watchman's hand."

Ezekiel 33:6


"A righteous man falling down before the wicked is as a troubled fountain, and a corrupt spring."

Proverbs 25:26

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

What Happened To The Constitution?


"Question with boldness even the existence of God; because, it there be one, he must more approve of the homage of reason, than that of blindfolded fear." - Thomas Jefferson

"Facts are stubborn things; and whatever may be our wishes, our inclinations, or the dictates of our passion, they cannot alter the state of facts and evidence." - John Adams

"Truth is incontrovertible; malice may attack it, ignorance may deride it, but in the end, there it is." - Winston Churchill

by Darren W. Huff
Part One

The current disposition of the UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, de facto, is the following; the UNITED STATES OF AMERICA resembles that of the British Empire. The UNITED STATES OF AMERICA is a “democracy” form of government which is nothing more or less than a despotic or Monarchial form of government. There is “public policy” which is nothing more or less than political correctness dictated by the legislature. This was created and is operating under a system of law known as Civil law (United States Codes, Civil procedure) which is short for Roman Civil law. The courts are military tribunals standing in place of civil courts, which use improper English grammar for judgements such as “It is so ORDERED or WHEREAS to begin a sentence. All of this is not lawful but has been declared to be legal. The Office of the President has under a self-assumed power, declared this Office through “Civil law” to be the king or Sovereign, and we, the people are the subjects, property and chattel of this office through the “Bill of Rights.” This is all “pretended legislation” through “color of law” and is a fraud perpetrated upon the people of the lawful united States of America de jure. In the Declaration of Independence it states; “He (the self empowered king) has combined with others to subject us (the inhabitants) to a jurisdiction foreign to our constitution (statutory, admiralty, or maritime), and unacknowledged by our laws (constitution and common law); giving his assent to acts of pretended legislation (Buck Act).”

February 7, 1861 A.D. to the present, is the unlawful but declared to be legal time period for this “color of law.” Evidence: Exhibit A; The title page of the United States Codes which show that congress is not a positive law. Exhibit B; The title page of Bouvier’s law dictionary, 3rd edition, 1848, which states “Law dictionary adopted to the constitution and laws of the United States of America, and of the several states of the American union, with references to the civil and other systems of foreign law.

The lawful government of the united States of America de jure and of the sovereign several states de jure  is; a republican form of government. The system of law is constitutional, common law. The courts have the jurisdiction of “in law or equity.” The people of the sovereign states, with respect to the United States, are the Sovereigns. And the state constitutions, have a “Declaration of Rights” in which the people declared in writing to the public servants, which rights they could not encroach upon or trespass on. February 6, 1861 A.D. and prior to this date is the time period which there was a lawful government. From 1850 A.D. to 1861 A.D., there were many new additions and revisions of the law dictionaries from 1850 A.D. to 1883 A.D. The 3rd, 1848 to the 15th edition, 1883 of Bouvier’s law dictionaries. Some major changes in the definitions of words sought to invalidate earlier definitions in previous dictionaries. The lawful government existed from 1789 A.D. to 1861 A.D.

There are several facts of law that cannot be dismissed. Article VI, clause 2 states; This Constitution, and the laws of the United States which shall be made in pursuance thereof; and all Treaties made, or which shall be made, under the authority of the United States, shall be the supreme law of the land; and the judges in every state shall be bound thereby, any thing in the Constitution or laws of any state to the contrary notwithstanding.

The 6th edition of Black's law dictionary, 1990, is in every lawyer's office, on every judge's desk, and in every court
room in the United States of America. I could understand if the dictionary had "Ancient American jurisprudence," "Modern American Jurisprudence," "Ancient English Jurisprudence," but I do not understand "Modern English Jurisprudence."
In the back of Black's law dictionary, 6th edition, has a "Table of British Regnal Years" starting from William I in 1066 to Elizabeth II in 1952.

Question: Why does Black's law dictionary show a table of British kings and queens? 
Question: Why does this "Table of British Regnal Years" start at 1066? 
Question: Why does this "Table of British Regnal Years" not go back prior to William I? 
Question: Why does this dictionary not show the table of Presidents of the United States of America? 
Question: Why does it state in it, "Definitions of the Terms and Phrases of American and English Jurisprudence, Ancient and Modern? 
Answer: The only viable conclusion would be that, we, the people of the United States of America have been captured or conquered by Great Britain without our knowledge. The conclusion to all of this is; a group of people were attempting, and have changed the government. From a presbytery to an episcopacy. From a republican form of government to a democacy. From constitutional common law to Roman civil law. From a lawful government de jure to an unlawful but declared to be legal government de facto. From a constitutional government to an administrative public policy trust, corporation.



Part Two
The first two articles of amendments to the constitution for the United States of America, come from the following book - A BRIEF VIEW OF THE CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES ADDRESSED to the LAW ACADEMY OF PHILADELPHIA BY PETER STEPHAN DU PONCEAU, L.L.D. Provost of the Academy.

PUBLISHED BY AND FOR THE ACADEMY. PHILADELPHIA E.G. Dorsey, Printer, 16 LIBRARY STREET…1834 A. D. Entered according to act of Congress, in the year 1834, by J. R. TYSON, JOHN CADWALADER and PETER M'CALL, VICE PROVISTS OF THE LAW ACADEMY OF PHILADELPHIA, IN TRUST FOR THE SAID ACADEMY, IN THE CLERKS OFFICE OF THE DISTRICT COURT OF THE EASTERN DISTRICT OF PENNSYLVANIA.

ARTICLES OF AMENDMENTS.

ARTICLE I.
After the first enumeration required by the first article of the constitution, there shall be one representative for every thirty thousand, until the number shall amount to one hundred, after which the proportion shall be so regulated by congress, that there shall not be less than one hundred representatives nor less than one representative for every forty thousand persons, until the number of representatives shall amount to two hundred, after which the proportion shall be so regulated by congress, that there shall not be less than two hundred representatives, nor more than one representative for every fifty thousand persons.

ARTICLE II.
No law varying the compensation for the services of the senators and representatives, shall take effect, until an election of representatives shall have intervened.
[The conventions of a number of states having, at the time of their adopting the constitution, expressed a desire in order to prevent misconstruction or abuse of its powers, that further declaratory and restrictive clauses should be adopted, congress, at the session begun and held at the city of New York, on Wednesday, the 4th of March, 1789, proposed to the legislatures of the several states twelve amendments ten of which were adopted. They are the ten first following.]

ARTICLE III, [I].
Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the government for a redress of grievances.

ARTICLE IV, [II].
A well-regulated militia being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear arms shall not be infringed.

ARTICLE V, [III].
No soldier shall, in time of peace, be quartered in any house without the consent of the owner; nor in time of war, but in a manner to be prescribed by law.

ARTICLE VI, [IV].
The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated; and no warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported by oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched, and the persons or things to be seized.

ARTICLE VII, [V].
No person shall be held to answer for a capital or otherwise in. famous crime, unless on a presentment or indictment of a grand jury, except in cases arising in the land or naval forces, or in the militia, when in actual service, in time of war or public danger; nor shall any person be subject for the same offence to be twice put in jeopardy of life or limb; nor shall be compelled, in any criminal case, to be a witness against himself; nor be deprived of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor shall private property be taken for public use without just compensation.

ARTICLE VIII, [VI].
In all criminal prosecutions, the accused shall enjoy the right to a speedy and public trial, by an impartial jury of the State and district wherein the crime shall have been committed, which district shall have been previously ascertained by law; and to be informed of the nature and cause of the accusation; to be confronted with the witnesses against him; to have compulsory process for obtaining witnesses in his favor; and to have the assistance of counsel for his defence.

ARTICLE IX, [VII].
In suits at common law, where the value in controversy shall exceed twenty dollars, the right of trial by jury shall be preserved; and no fact tried by a jury shall be otherwise re-examined in any court of the United States than
according to the rules of the common law.

ARTICLE X, [VIII].
Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel and unusual punishments inflicted.

ARTICLE XI, [IX].
The enumeration in the Constitution of certain rights, shall not be construed to deny or disparage others retained by the people.

ARTICLE XII, [X].
The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States respectively, or to the people.

ARTICLE XIII, [XI].
The judicial power of the United States shall not be construed to extend to any suit in law or equity, commenced or prosecuted against one of the United States by citizens of another State, or by citizens or subjects of any foreign state.

ARTICLE XIV, [XII].
1. The Electors shall meet in their respective States, and vote by ballot for President and Vice-President, one of whom, at least, shall not be an inhabitant of the same State with themselves; they shall name in their ballots the person voted for as President, and in distinct ballots the person voted for as Vice-President; and they shall make distinct lists of all persons voted for as President, and of all persons voted for as Vice-President, and of the number of votes for each, which lists they shall sign and certify, and transmit sealed to the seat of the government of the United States, directed to the President of the Senate; the President of the Senate shall, in the presence of the Senate and House of Representatives, open all the certificates, and the votes shall then be counted: the person having the greatest number of votes for President shall be the President, if such number be a majority of the whole number of Electors appointed; and if no person have such majority, then from the persons having the highest numbers, not exceeding three, on the list of those voted for as President, the House of Representatives shall choose immediately, by ballot, the President. But in choosing the President, the votes shall be taken by States, the representation from each State having one vote; a quorum for this purpose shall consist of a member or members from two thirds of the States, and a majority of all the States shall be necessary to a choice. And if the House of Representatives shall not choose a President, whenever the right of choice shall devolve upon them, before the fourth day of March next following, then the Vice-President shall act as President, as in the case of the death or other constitutional disability of the President.

2. The person having the greatest number of votes as Vice-President shall be the Vice-President, if such number be a majority of the whole number of Electors appointed; and if no person have a majority, then from the two highest numbers on the list the Senate shall choose the Vice-President: a quorum for the purpose shall consist of two thirds of the whole number of Senators, and a majority of the whole number shall be necessary to a choice.

3. But no person constitutionally ineligible to the office of President shall be eligible to that of Vice-President of the United States.

[This amendment was not in the book mentioned above.]

ARTICLE XV, [XIII].
If any citizen of the United States, shall accept, claim, receive, or retain any title of nobility or honor, or shall, without the consent of congress, accept and retain any present, pension, office or emolument of any kind whatever, from any emperor, king, prince, or foreign power, such person shall cease to be a citizen of the United States, and shall be incapable of holding any office of trust or profit under them or either of them.

Bill of Rights
In the present day, most of the state constitutions have in them a header which precedes the "Articles of Amendments" and this header is named a "Bill of Rights." This "Bill of Rights" is also placed in front of the ten articles of amendments of the constitution of the United States of America. A few of the state constitutions today have in them what is called a "Declaration of Right." Is there a difference between the two? And if so, what is it?
    
In researching into the history of England and the united States of America, the first "Bill of Rights" was a declaration in 1689 by King William and Queen Mary (shown in the appendix) to their loyal subjects of the British crown, the people of England. This "Bill of Rights" was a declaration by the Sovereigns to their loyalsubjects declaring what rights the people had under their rule. Any right left out would or could not be claimed. For example, the paramount unwritten rights which Thomas Jefferson referred to in the Declaration of Independence where he stated, "That all men are created equal; that they were endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable rights; that among these are life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness; that to secure these rights, governments are instituted among men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed; that whenever any form of governments becomes destructive of these ends, it is the right of the people to alter or to abolish it, and to institute a new government, laying its foundation on such principles, and organizing its powers in such form, as to them shall deem most likely to effect their safety and happiness." When one man declares what rights another man has, these so-called rights are merely privileges. In a sense he is just a slave to that man.
    
All of the state constitutions from 1776 to 1850 A. D., and some state constitutions after this date, have a header in front of the written rights which is called a "Declaration of Rights." In this "Declaration of Rights," the people stated, or actually declared, to the government they created, what the government could not encroach upon or trespass on. And after 1861 A. D., most of the state legislative bodies have inserted a header in front of these written rights a "Bill of Rights" into the state constitutions in place of a "Declaration of Rights." There are a few states today, that still use a "Declaration of Rights." Why was this done?
    
Some of the state constitutions of today, have a header in front of the written rights as a "Declaration of Rights," but this is an incorrect statement, as in the preamble of the constitution of the State of Idaho, it is stated; "We, the people of the State of Idaho" rather than being stating "We, the people of Idaho." By examining the two statements independently, the former statement declares that the people belong to the state, and in the latter, the state belongs to the people. It is the people who create the state, and not the state who owns the people. It should be stated in the following manner, "We the people of Idaho" and therefore the people can create whatever they choose, which includes but not limited to a state. See "Episcopacy" document.
    
Before February 6, 1861 A. D., the people possessed a republican form of government with a presbytery form of representation in each of the sovereign several states. And after that date, Abraham Lincoln, by a self-assumed power, declared himself King, or actually the office of the President of the United States, and the people became subjects, property, and chattel. See "History" document. This nation has been declared a democracy with the alleged passage of article XVII of the amendments of the constitution of the United States of America. See the "Democracy" document. The republican form of government of this country was dissolved by this amendment and a democracy was created. See "Amendments" document.
    
Now the people only have the rights dictated to them by a King to his subjects, which are called a "Bill of Rights." (Civil Rights Act 1964), (Roman Civil law). With the "Bill of Rights," the subjects of the king have constitutional rights, civil rights, and inalienable rights. This is shown by the "Bill of Rights" of 1689 from King William and Queen Mary. As stated in the definitions from the following law dictionaries; Bouvier's law dictionary, 3rd edition, 1848 and Black's law dictionary, 6th edition, 1990. If the King violated the subject's rights, then the subject can sue the King through a Bill in equity.
    
Before 1861 A. D., the only header in front of the alleged first ten articles of amendment of the constitution of the United States of America was "Amendments to the Constitution." After 1861 A. D., the alleged first ten articles of amendment of the constitution of the United States of America became known as the "Bill of Rights." As there is a "Bill of Rights in front of the first ten amendments
    
"Besides the above restrictions, there are numerous articles, as well in the constitution as in the amendments to it, in the nature of a bill of rights, and the object of which is to secure the liberty of the citizen, particularly as respects the benefit of the writ of habeas corpus, of trial by jury in civil and criminal cases; the inviolability of domicile, and security from illegal searches and from the obligation of quartering soldiers in time of peace, and other like provisions by which civil liberty is fully guaranteed."

Reference
A BRIEF VIEW OF THE CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES ADDRESSED to the LAW ACADEMY OF PHILADELPHIA BY PETER STEPHAN DU PONCEAU, L.L.D.Provost of the Academy. PUBLISHED BY AND FOR THE ACADEMY. PHILADELPHIA E.G. Dorsey, Printer, 16 LIBRARY STREET...1834 A. D. Entered according to act of Congress, in the year 1834, by J. R. TYSON, JOHN CADWALADER and PETER M'CALL, VICE PROVISTS OF THE LAW ACADEMY OF PHILADELPHIA, IN TRUST FOR THE SAID ACADEMY, IN THE CLERKS OFFICE OF THE DISTRICT COURT OF THE EASTERN DISTRICT OF PENNSYLVANIA.

Summary
 The "Declaration of Rights" should only be found in the state constitutions, and not in front of the alleged first ten articles of amendment of the constitution of the United States of America. The alleged "Bill of Rights" under the first ten articles of amendment of the constitution of the United States of America is a fiction. The alleged first ten articles of amendment are not a "Bill of Rights," nor are they a "Declaration of Rights," they are just as they say they are "Amendments." The alleged first ten articles of amendment of the constitution of the united States of America are declaratory and restrictive clauses added to the constitution of the united States of America for the sole purpose as to prevent misconstruction or abuse of governmental powers. These amendments placed restrictions or restraints upon our servants, by the people of the United States of America. There should not be a "Bill of Rights" in any of the state constitutions or the constitution of the United States of America.
    
The "Declaration of Rights" comes from the people who are the master, king or Sovereign telling his servants exactly what Rights he has, and tells his servants through the constitution and statutes exactly what his job duties are. With a "Declaration of Rights," written through the constitution, the people have placed constitutional restrictions on their servants.
    
The evidence of this fraud is in the difference between the definitions of Bouvier's law dictionary, 1848 and Black's law dictionary, 1990. As it is a maxim of law that the only definition that can be used, is the one that was in use at the time the document was brought into action. This falls under the customs and usages of the common law.
The word "alleged" is used because we have three different versions of the first fourteen articles of amendment of the constitution of the United States of America. The Amendments were only written once and added to the constitution of the United States of America.
    
As stated in Black's law dictionary, 1990, under "Bill of Rights" which states, "A formal and emphatic legislative assertion and declaration of popular rights and liberties usually promulgated upon a change of government..." which usually includes a change in the system of law also.


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